EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM: MONGOLIA
School 2001 is a curriculum development and curriculum implementation program for Mongolian secondary schools (grades 5-10). This initiative to support national reform efforts in Mongolia will start in September 1998 and end in June 2001. By the year 2001, refined educational standards and curricula for the social sciences and for the humanities will be formulated based on concrete pedagogical experiences at classroom and school level. Along with these refined standards and curricula, School 2001 establishes a network of innovative schools that act as resource, information and professional development centers. These Centers of Innovation will function as catalysts of change for other secondary schools. In addition, support will be provided to the Ministry and other bodies to develop coherent, well informed policies for the education in Mongolia.
Over the course of three years, new curricula in the social sciences and humanities will have been piloted, evaluated, and improved in 72 schools in all 6 provinces. These curricula will then be available for use in all schools in Mongolia. School 2001 uses a school-based reform approach in which partner schools develop, implement, evaluate and continuously improve all aspects of curriculum reform, that is, new teaching methods, new student assessment methods, new curricula contents, and new educational material. A national campaign ensures that School 2001 impacts educational reform in all secondary schools in Mongolia, and regular policy dialogue ensures that the results are incorporated into state educational policy, were appropriate.
This paper was prepared by the Lead Consultant to the Mongolian EDP, Professor Gita Steiner-Khamsi, in collaboration with the Mongolian team (P. Erdenjargal, N. Enkthuya, and D. Enkhbaatar), and the IEP team (Heather Iliff, Egle Pranckuniene). Input has also been provided by key educational leaders in Mongolia, including State Secretary Baterdene, and Director of the School for Educational Development, Jadamba. It has been reviewed by the MFOS Executive Director, Chris Finch, and OSI Regional Director, Anthony Richter. It has been reviewed by the MFOS Board, and approved in principle.
According to the decision of the MFOS Board, the Mongolian large scale development program supports reform through five multi-disciplinary programs.
School-Based Reform (described herein)
Policy Support (described herein)
Knowledge Network (publishing, library, and Internet programs)
Higher Education (focusing on social science faculties)
New Content (Network programs: Critical Thinking, English Language, Step by Step)
This document covers the School Based Reform and Policy Support aspects of the strategy. Higher education, New Content, Internet, Publishing, and Library have been supported by the relevant Network Program offices in those areas.